Sunday, 9 March 2014

Seven Reasons Why Manual Osteopathy is so Effective in Treating Low Back Pain



Seven Reasons Why Manual Osteopathy is so Effective in Treating Low Back Pain 

There are a few known mechanism affecting individuals who receive manual osteopathic treatment for low back pain. 

1- The treatment increases joint mobility by producing a barrage of impulses in muscle spindle afferents and smaller-diameter afferents ultimately silencing facilitated γ (gamma) motoneurons.

2- The second mechanism is that the treatment, by mechanically opening the intravertebral foramina (IVF), decreases pressure on the dorsal roots. 

3- The third mechanism is that the treatment works by applying non-noxious mechanical inputs to neuronal circuits in the spinal cord. 

4- The fourth mechanism is that the treatment causes an increase in the production of beta-endorphin, the natural pain killer of the body. 

5- Substantial evidence also shows that the treatment activates paraspinal muscle reflexes and alters motoneuron excitability.

6- The sixth mechanism involves inhibition of somatosomatic reflexes by alterations in muscle spindle input produced by the treatment. It is thought that the treatment may normalize spindle biomechanics and improve muscle spindle discharge.

7- Lastly, in humans, manual osteopathic treatment can decrease heart rate and blood pressure while increasing vagal afferent activity as measured by heart-rate variability. 


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